Post-production is a technical word from the audiovisual lexicon used in television, film, and, video and it refers to the set of processes applied to recorded information: montage, the inclusion of other visual or audio sources, subtitling, voice-overs, and special effects(Bourriaud, 2010). Talking about sound, post-production consists of:
- Sound effects editing
- Music composition
- Sound mixing
In Sound effects editing, two vital things are handled:
- Make everything anybody says sound appropriate and clear
- Make everything that is supposed to make a sound make that sound
In music composition, the film director and the music composer go over the film edit and discuss points where music is suitable, and what that music should feel like and once the sound has been edited, the dialogues nice and understandable, and the music emotionally and spiritually encouraging, it’s up to the sound mixer to bring all these sound elements into consonance with each other(“What is Post Production? – RocketJump”, 2012).
The audio that will be handed over to the post-production team must be recorded in such a way that enables it to be edited and mixed successfully. The sound recordist should take care of things such as minimizing audio quality changes within a scene from shot to shot, reduce extraneous noise on the set/location, record with as little reverb as possible, avoid dialogue overlaps and record on proper medium, format(mono/stereo) and sample rate/bit depth(Wyatt & Amyes, 2005). Types of microphones that can be used for recording are microphones with fishpole, fixed booms, fisher booms, spot/plant microphones, slung microphones, hand-held microphones, and lapel microphones. The ProTools S6 modular control surface is a suitable and most intuitive mixing workflow for post-production.
Another area of audio post-production that the directors and producers deliberate over most is music. It is a powerful tool that can enhance the mood of a scene, can help to pace a scene, can work as an ambiance, can add dynamics to a mix, can scatter and heighten comedy. So overall, it contributes to the emotional content of a piece and forms an important part of post-production along with recording audio.
Bourriaud, N. (2010). Postproduction. New York: Lukas et Sternberg.
What is Post Production? – RocketJump. (2012). RocketJump. Retrieved 16 June 2017, from https://www.rocketjump.com/channels/post-production-what-is-it
Wyatt, H., & Amyes, T. (2005). Audio post production for television and film. Amsterdam: Focal Press.